How Do You Get Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces resulting in high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakenly attacks destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence its exact cause is still unknown. However it is believed to involve a combination of genetic environmental factors.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting for around 90% of cases. It typically develops in adulthood although it is increasingly being diagnosed in children teenagers due to rising obesity rates. Lifestyle factors such as sedentary behavior unhealthy eating habits excess body weight play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Genetics family history also contribute to the risk of developing this condition.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy when hormone changes affect the body’s ability to use insulin effectively. It usually resolves after delivery but women who have had gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Other Risk Factors
In addition to the specific causes of each type several common risk factors increase the likelihood of developing diabetes. These include:
- Obesity or being overweight
- Lack of physical activity
- Unhealthy diet
- Family history of diabetes
- Ethnicity (people from certain ethnic backgrounds are more prone to diabetes)
- Age (risk increases with age)
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- History of heart disease or stroke
While the exact causes of diabetes may vary depending on the type it is crucial to manage risk factors through a healthy lifestyle to reduce the likelihood of developing this chronic condition. Regular physical activity maintaining a balanced diet keeping a healthy weight are key strategies in preventing diabetes managing its symptoms.