What Is Pre Diabetes?
Pre diabetes refers to a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet considered type 2 diabetes. It is a warning sign that your body is starting to have trouble regulating blood sugar levels properly. If left unmanaged it can progress to type 2 diabetes which is a chronic illness with severe health consequences.
Understanding Pre Diabetes
Pre diabetes occurs when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. This condition is often present before the onset of type 2 diabetes allowing individuals to take necessary steps to prevent or delay its development.
Causes Risk Factors
Pre diabetes is influenced by various factors including genetics lifestyle choices medical history. Some common risk factors include:
- Family history of diabetes
- Being overweight or obese
- Lack of physical activity
- Poor diet with high sugar processed food consumption
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Pre diabetes often doesn’t exhibit obvious symptoms which is why many people are unaware of their condition. However some individuals may experience the following:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Sugar cravings
- Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
Pre diabetes is diagnosed using blood tests. The most common test is the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test which measures blood sugar levels after overnight fasting. Another commonly used test is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) where blood sugar is measured before two hours after consuming a glucose-rich beverage.
If left untreated pre diabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes. It also increases the risk of heart disease stroke other health issues. However there are several steps you can take to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes:
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Engage in regular physical activity
- Adopt a balanced diet low in sugar refined carbohydrates
- Avoid smoking limit alcohol consumption
- Monitor blood sugar levels regularly
Pre diabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet at the level of type 2 diabetes. It serves as a warning sign an opportunity to make necessary lifestyle changes to prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes associated complications. By understanding its causes risk factors taking proactive steps individuals can reduce their chances of progressing to full-blown diabetes enjoy a healthier life.