What Is Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects both the skin joints. It is a form of arthritis that typically occurs in individuals with psoriasis a common skin disorder characterized by red scaly patches on the skin.
The symptoms of psoriatic arthritis can vary from person to person. Common signs symptoms include joint pain stiffness swelling which may affect any joint in the body. Psoriatic arthritis can also cause inflammation in the tendons ligaments leading to pain swelling in the affected areas. In addition individuals with this condition may also experience skin changes such as red patches silvery scales or nail abnormalities.
The exact cause of psoriatic arthritis is unknown. However it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue including the joints skin. There is also a genetic component involved as psoriatic arthritis tends to run in families.
Diagnosing psoriatic arthritis can be a complex process. Healthcare professionals may consider the patient’s medical history physical examination the presence of psoriasis. X-rays blood tests joint fluid analysis may also be performed to help confirm the diagnosis rule out other conditions.
Treatment for psoriatic arthritis aims to control symptoms reduce inflammation prevent joint damage. Different treatment options are available depending on the severity of the condition. These may include medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) biologic agents corticosteroids. Lifestyle modifications physical therapy exercises can also play a crucial role in managing symptoms maintaining joint mobility.
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic condition that affects both the joints skin. It can cause significant pain discomfort functional limitations for those affected. Seeking early diagnosis appropriate treatment can greatly improve the quality of life for individuals living with psoriatic arthritis.